Thyroglossal cyst is a fluid-filled cavity that forms in tissue that is sometimes leftover from the development of the thyroid gland present in the front of the neck, just above the voice box. A Thyroglossal duct cyst happens when your thyroid gland leaves behind extra cells and these extra cells can become cysts. Thyroglossal cyst is congenital. Small cysts don’t cause any symptoms but large cysts can result in difficulty in breathing or swallowing.
Ayurvedic Perspective of Thyroglossal duct cyst
According to Ayurveda, an aggravated Kapha dosha leads to the formation of cysts because the imbalance of the Kapha dosha makes it difficult for the body to detoxify irritants, and the aggravated Kapha dosha surrounds these irritants with fluid to neutralize them. The stronger imbalances and the weaker body’s resistance, lead to the formation of cysts in the body.
Signs and Symptoms
- Presence of a lump in the middle of the front of your neck between Adam’s apple and chin
- Hoarseness of voice
- Difficulty in breathing or swallowing
- An opening in neck draining out the mucus
- Tenderness near the area of the cyst
- Redness of the skin around the cyst
Diagnostic tests to rule out the cyst are as follow –
Blood tests are done to measure the amount of TSH in your blood, which indicates how well your thyroid is working.
In this test by using sound waves real-time images of the cyst are generated.
In this test by the use of X-rays, a 3-D image of the tissues in your throat is created.
This test uses radio waves and a magnetic field to generate images of the tissues in your throat.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology
In this test, your doctor inserts a needle into the cyst to extract cells that they can examine to confirm a diagnosis.
Thyroglossal cysts if not treated earlier, may lead to –
When the Thyroglossal cyst is left untreated for a certain amount of time it may get infected. Rapid enlargement of cyst results in airway obstruction and trouble is created in breathing & swallowing.
A thyroglossal duct cyst may rupture resulting thyroglossal fistula, which is usually noticed when bleeding in the neck occurs, causing swelling and fluid ejection around the wound removal site.
Thyroglossal cyst carcinoma
Thyroglossal cyst may rarely turn into cancer.
Treatment for Thyroglossal duct cyst
Treatment depends upon the person’s age, general health and also upon the severity of the symptoms.
Treatment options include –
Antibiotics are given to decrease the infection because the infection before surgery can make the removal of cyst more difficult and increases the chance of recurrence.
This is a standard treatment option in removing thyroglossal cysts so that they do not reoccur.
Herbal Management for Thyroglossal duct cyst
Ayurveda treats the disease by identifying the ‘body type’ of patients for determining the possible root cause of a disease. Ayurveda practitioners after identifying the ‘body type,’ analyze the nature of the diseases. This analysis helps to fit all the signs and symptoms of the disease into a pattern, which is expressed as a combination of qualities or ‘gunas.’ Hence with the treatment of weakened tissues typically undertaken by Ayurveda practitioners with the help of potent herbs, as explained in ancient Ayurveda texts. Planet Ayurveda offers the best herbal formulations for the management of the Thyroglossal duct cyst. These formulations are prepared under the supervision of MD Ayurvedic doctors and are prepared from 100% pure and natural herbs.
Herbal Treatment for Thyroglossal duct cyst includes –
1. Curcumin Capsules
Curcumin is the main active compound of these capsules. These capsules are packed with the standardized extract of Turmeric (Curcuma longa), which has amazing anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. Curcumin capsules help in reducing the inflammation, relieve pain, and manage swelling, thus helpful in treating the cysts.
Dosage – 1 capsule two times daily after meals
2. Kachnaar Guggul
This is a natural supplement in tablet form and is a combination of various herbs like – Kanchnar (Bauhinia Variegata), Triphala [Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica)], etc . Kanchnar helps to keep the tissues healthy and is very beneficial to treat the thyroglossal duct cysts.
Dosage – 2 tablets twice daily after meals.
3. Chanderprabha Vati
It is a blend of many herbs like – Vacha (Acorus calamus), Devdaru (Cedrus deodara), Ela (Eletteria cardamomum), Pippali (Piper longum), Maricha (Piper nigrum), Haridra (Curcuma longa), Vidanga (Embelia ribes), etc. It is very effective in removing toxins from the body, provides strong immunity to the body and pacifies body heat.
Dosage – 2 tablets twice daily after meals.
4. Triphala Capsules
These capsules are made from the combination of three different herbs like – Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica) and these are also known as Myrobalans. These capsules are used to remove toxins from the body due to its anti-oxidant property, have positive effects on stomach related problems, help to eliminate waste products from the body through urine and feces and have laxative action on the intestine.
Ancient verse about Bibhitaki (Terminalia Bellirica)
Reference – Bhavaprakasha nighantu
Meaning – This verse explains about various synonyms and properties of Bibhitaki. Synonyms are – Aksh, bhootvaas, karshfala, kaliyugalya and kalidrum. It is astringent in taste but changes to sweet taste after digestion, hot in potency, has cooling effects and pacifies Pitta and Kapha dosha. Seed kernel is astringent in taste, easy to digest, narcotic, used to cure thirst, pacifies Kapha and Vata dosha and used to induce purgation therapy. Bibhitaki is useful in cough, eye problems, hair problems, worm infestation, voice hoarseness and purgation therapy.
Dosage – 2 capsules twice daily after meals.
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